Vincent F. Hendricks: Professor, Director | Center for Information and Bubble Studies | University of Copenhagen

Readings in Formal Epistemology

Readings in Formal Epistemology
Edited by
Horacio Arló-Costa, Vincent F. Hendricks, Johan van Benthem
Assistant Editors: Henrik Boensvang & Rasmus K. Rendsvig
Dordrecht: Springer
XII, 1050 pages, 77 illustrations
ISBN 978-3-319-20451-2

Release date / May 19, 2016

‘Formal epistemology’ is a term coined in the late 1990s for a new constellation of interests in philosophy,the roots of which are found in earlier works of epistemologists, philosophers of science, and logicians. It addresses a growing agenda of problems concerning knowledge, belief, certainty, rationality, deliberation, decision, strategy, action and agent interaction – and it does so using methods from logic, probability, computability, decision, and game theory. This volume presents 38 classic texts in formal epistemology, and strengthens the ties between research into this area of philosophy and its neighbouring intellectual disciplines. The editors provide introductions to five basic subsections: Bayesian Epistemology, Belief Change, Decision Theory, Interactive Epistemology and Logics of Knowledge and Belief. The volume also includes a thorough index and suggestions for further reading, and thus offers a complete teaching and research package for students as well as research scholars of formal epistemology, philosophy, logic,computer science, theoretical economics and cognitive psychology.

Dedicated Horacio Arló-Costa
On June 1, 2011, we received an email from Horacio, expressing his pleasure in our successful cooperation that was drawing to a close, and his eager anticipation of the published book. This would turn out to be the last correspondence we received from our friend. Horacio died on July 14, 2011. This anthology would not have seen the light of day without Horacio’s encyclopedic knowledge and fine scholarship, his original angle of approach to philosophy, and his constant ambition to push the formal epistemology agenda forward. Horacio will never see our joint work in print, but we will continue his quest and honor his legacy by dedicating this book to him.

Johan van Benthem & Vincent F. Hendricks

Table of Content

Copyright Acknowledgements

Agency and Interaction: What we are and what we do in formal epistemology Jeffrey Helzner and Vincent F. Hendricks

Part I. Bayesian Epistemology

1.    Introduction
2.    Truth and Probability / Frank Ramsey
3.    Probable Knowledge / Richard Jeffrey
4.    Fine-Grained Opinion, Probability and the Logic of Full Belief / Bas van Fraassen
5.    Higher Order Probabilities / Haim Gaifman
6.    On Indeterminate Probabilities / Isaac Levi
7.    Why I’m not a Bayesian / Clark Glymour
8.    A Mistake in Dynamic Coherence Arguments? / Brian Skyrms
9.    Some Problems for Conditionalization and Reflection / Frank Arntzenius
10.    Stopping to Reflect / J. Kadane, M.J. Schervish and Teddy Seidenfeld
Suggested further reading

Part II. Belief Change

11.    Introduction
12.    On the Logic of Theory Change: Partial Meet Contraction and Revision Functions / Carlos Alchourrón, Peter Gärdenfors, David Makinson
13.    Theory Contraction and Base Contraction Unified / Sven Ove Hansson
14.    How Infallible but Corrigible Full Belief is Possible / Isaac Levi
15.    Belief Contraction in the Context of the General Theory of Rational Choice / Hans Rott
16.    A Survey of Ranking Theory / Wolfgang Spohn
Suggested further reading

Part III. Decision Theory

17.    Introduction
18.    Allais’s Paradox / Leonard Savage
19.    Decision Theory without “Independence” or without “Ordering” / Teddy Seidenfeld
20.    Ambiguity and the Bayesian Paradigm / Itzhak Gilboa and Fabio Marinacci
21.    State Dependent Utilities / Teddy Seidenfeld, Joseph B. Kadane and Mark J. Schervish
22.    Causal Decision Theory / James Joyce and Allan Gibbard
23.    Advances in Prospect Theory: Cumulative Representations of Uncertainty /Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahnemann
Suggested further reading

Part IV. Logics of Knowledge and Belief

24.    Introduction
25.    Epistemology without Knowledge and without Belief / Jaakko Hintikka
26.    Epistemic Operators / Fred Dretske
27.    Elusive Knowledge / David Lewis
28.    Knowledge and Skepticism / Robert Nozick
29.    On Logics of Knowledge and Belief / Robert Stalnaker
30.    Sentences, Belief and Logical Omniscience, or What Does Deduction Tell Us? / Rohit Parikh
31.    The Logic of Justification / Sergei Artemov
32.    Learning Theory and Epistemology / Kevin Kelly
33.    Some Computational Constraints in Epistemic Logic / Timothy Williamson
Suggested further reading

Part V. Interactive Epistemology

34.    Introduction
35.    Convention (an excerpt) / David Lewis
36.    Three Theories of Common Understanding / Jon Barwise
37.    The Logic of Public Announcements, Common Knowledge, and Private Suspicions / Alexandru Baltag, Slawomir Solecki and Larry Moss
38.    A Qualitative Theory Of Dynamic Interactive Belief Revision / Alexandru Baltag and Sonja Smets
39.    Agreeing to Disagree / Robert Aumann
40.    Epistemic Conditions for Nash Equilibrium/ Robert Aumann and Adam Brandenburger
41.    Knowledge, Belief and Counterfactual Reasoning in Games / Robert Stalnaker
42.    Substantive Rationality and Backward Induction / Joseph Halpern
Suggested further reading